Biblioteca della Libertà

Anno XLIX, n. 210, maggio-agosto 2014

Anno XLIX, n. 210, maggio-agosto 2014

periodicità quadrimestrale

ISSN 2035-5866

Direttore responsabile Salvatore Carrubba

Condirettori Maurizio Ferrera e Beatrice Magni

copyright Centro di Ricerca e Documentazione “Luigi Einaudi”



Indice sintetico

Editoriale

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Articolo completo/Full text

Le elezioni europee 2014: un voto obliquo

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Articolo completo/Full text

Le elezioni europee 2014: un voto obliquo

Although voter turnout was down in many places and right-wing populists scored significant gains, the last European Parliament election couldn’t be immediately judged comparing its results with the local ones. Because the meaning that citizens give to the two different types of arenas is peculiarly different, and their electoral behaviour is related to that meaning. The European contest is in fact more linked to the idea of a “free” vote, less decisive for the sort of the government, where one can experiment different choices, as the abstensionism, at least. While the rise of Euro-sceptic parties was spread all over the European countries, in Italy the outcomes signalled the wide victory of the Democratic Party, lead by the new Prime Minister Matteo Renzi, who succeeded in reaching the highest success, ever, of a left-wing political party.

 

Abstract

Le elezioni europee 2014 nei media tedeschi: un'analisi del dibattito pubblico

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Articolo completo/Full text

Le elezioni europee 2014 nei media tedeschi: un'analisi del dibattito pubblico

In this descriptive essay the European economic and social crisis is re-interpreted through the theoretical lenses of four main lines of political conflict. The latter set a divide inside the EU between “core” and “peripheral” countries on the one hand, and sovranational and national institutions, on the other one. In the introduction, Germany is defined as the key player inside the actual EU political constellation and the before-mentioned lines of conflict are reframed in a discoursive fashion. In the second part, the article explores the German public debate of the European elections of 2014 as to understand the degree of saliency of the four lines of conflict. For each of them, key actors and adopted discoursive strategies are identified. In the Annex, the analysis to the recent strands of public debate is extended.

Abstract

Young and European? Youth Attitudes to Social Europe

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Young and European? Youth Attitudes to Social Europe

Due to the economic crisis, social expenditures have been cut dramatically in some European countries. Within this context, some groups of citizens, those depending more on social benefits, have become more disadvantaged than others. Among these, young people—in particular in Southern countries—are inexorably a target group. High levels of unemployment and precariousness of jobs are only two of the main problems the young have to face. This paper aims at studying whether the increasing social malaise influences youth attitudes towards social Europe. Indeed, the young are subject to two contradictory stimuli. On the one hand, the European Union is often blamed for putting strong pressure on member countries to cut social expenditures. On the other hand, there are now more exchanges among young people all across Europe, which makes the younger generation increasingly more European. An online survey was conducted among university students of four European countries during the campaign for the European elections of May 2014. Results of the analysis indicate that young Europeans have different preferences with regard to social Europe, depending mainly on how well or badly they evaluate their countries and Europe.

Abstract

Rischio di disoccupazione e ammortizzatori sociali dalla riforma Fornero al Jobs Act di Renzi. Problemi aperti, riforme possibili, nodi irrisolti

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Articolo completo/Full text

Rischio di disoccupazione e ammortizzatori sociali dalla riforma Fornero al Jobs Act di Renzi. Problemi aperti, riforme possibili, nodi irrisolti

The economic crisis and the worsening of its consequences for employment have brought about relevant changes in the Italian system of income maintenance for those of working age. Reforms that had been postponed for decades have been introduced. Initially, under the Berlusconi government, gaps in protection have been addressed through the so-called emergency shock absorbers (ammortizzatori in deroga). Rather than structurally, this policy response addressed the problems in a pragmatic, but highly discretionary way, avoiding the establishment of social rights so as to keep public accounts under tight reins. The deterioration of the employment crisis, the Italian sovereign debt crisis and pressures from international organizations opened a window of opportunity for the Monti government to pass a labour market reform that introduced important structural innovations in the unemployment benefit system. The enduring employment crisis, the making of the Renzi government around a dense reform programme and the necessity to implement them to provide the government with legitimacy have created favourable conditions for further reforms in the income maintenance system, sketched out in the blueprint called Jobs Act. The article aims to highlight the problems left open by the Fornero reform, and to identify some possible solutions compatible with the overall frame of the Jobs Act. It also discusses the unsolved issue of a minimum income scheme.

Abstract

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