Biblioteca della Libertà

BdL Online First Articles

Oggettività e disaccordo: il ruolo degli esperti scientifici nelle decisioni di policy

Anno LII, n. 219, maggio-agosto 2017

Articolo completo/Full text

Oggettività e disaccordo: il ruolo degli esperti scientifici nelle decisioni di policy

What happens to scientific objectivity when it enters the realm of public debate and policy, and is asked to inform and guide the choices made in that realm? Surely consulting science in making policy is done with a view to making policy decisions more reliable, and ultimately more objective. Evidence-base policy is a typical example of this approach. However, in these contexts scientific evidence is normally, and often inevitably, taken into account alongside other relevant factors (political, social, economic, ethical, etc.). Such complex practical interactions constitute a challenge both for the very objectivity of scientific evidence (how far should science let extra-scientific factors interfere with scientific facts, without endangering the objectivity of evidence?), and for the objectivity of the role of the scientist as expert in the policy-making process. In this paper I address – with the help of a case study – the way by which science contributes to achieving objectivity in policy making, and argue that objectivity, though not exhausted by what scientific evidence contributes to it, still retains a crucial and meaningful role in public debate.

Abstract

L'educazione alla cittadinanza democratica e la Philosophy for Communities in contesti interculturali

Anno LII, n. 219, maggio-agosto 2017

Articolo completo/Full text

L'educazione alla cittadinanza democratica e la Philosophy for Communities in contesti interculturali

The first goal of this paper is to highlight the relevance of citizenship education. In the paper I underline the constitutive connection between democracy and educated citizens and its urgency for the present social-historical context. In the second part of the paper, I then introduce the concept of Philosophy for Communities, describe its main features and its structure. Moreover, looking at the Lipman-Sharp approach, I show that the Philosophy for Communities is derived from Philosophy for Children. My analysis in grounded in the so-called twentieth century practical turn of philosophy: starting from this theoretical framework, I describe philosophy as a social practice and show how Philosophy for Communities can contribute to the education of democratic citizenship in intercultural contexts. To better show the pragmatic virtues of this approach, I end the paper describing a community-based philosophical practice experience, realized by an association which pursues cultural and social integration. To conclude, I show how Philosophy for Communities can be conceived as an educational practice for community development and creation of social empowerment which can educate to a better democratic citizenship.

Abstract

La scienza utile. Expertise e partecipazione nelle decisioni pubbliche

Anno LII, n. 219, maggio-agosto 2017

Articolo completo/Full text

La scienza utile. Expertise e partecipazione nelle decisioni pubbliche

The complexity of the problems that require government intervention often forces policy makers to resort to science, to reduce as far as possible the uncertainties and support their decisions: but the relationship between expertise and public policies is not linear. Starting from the serious problems for health and environment caused by asbestos (the case of Eternit in Casale Monferrato), the article develops some considerations about the role of scientific knowledge and social participation on sensitive and controversial issues, involving citizens directly and require public decisions.

Abstract

Prossimi eventi

23 Nov
Sala "Norberto Bobbio" - Torino
21 Nov
Grattacielo Intesa Sanpaolo - Torino

Diventa nostro amico su Facebook

Ricerche e Progetti

logo RGR medio

  • Recuperare la rotta é il titolo del XVIII Rapporto «Giorgio Rota» su Torino, presentato il 7 ottobre alla Biblioteca Nazionale.

lpf logo

Biblioteca F. Guerrini

biblioteca guerrini

 Dotata di oltre 9.000 volumi, offre una documentazione unica in Italia sul pensiero liberale contemporaneo.