Biblioteca della Libertà

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

periodicità quadrimestrale

ISSN 2035-5866

Direttore responsabile Salvatore Carrubba

Condirettori Maurizio Ferrera e Beatrice Magni

copyright Centro di Ricerca e Documentazione “Luigi Einaudi”

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Editoriale

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

pag 1
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Diritti aletici

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

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Diritti aletici

The aim of the article is to inquire into the idea of ‘alethic rights’ (AR), i.e. rights that involve truth, suggesting what these rights could be, in which sense they are specific rights, distinct from other fundamental rights, and how they can be preserved and safeguarded. The notion of ‘AR’ is implicit in many governmental commitments ratified by international customary or written law, but not explicitly mentioned in any official document. The expression itself, ‘AR’, is not used in human rights theory or philosophy of law. The «right to (know the) truth» has been theorized and defended, recently, in many occasions and contexts, especially with reference to the overthrowing or fall of totalitarian regimes, or in cases of manipulated and distorted electoral debates (such as in case of Berlusconi’s or Trump’s populisms). However, there is no specific treatment of AR in a detailed way and in a philosophical perspective. I try to provide an accurate account of the possibility conditions of a theory of AR not limited to the generic appeal to truthfulness or honesty (of politicians, or people working in the media), and aware of the problems connected to the use of the conceptual function we call ‘truth’. I have moved from the idea that the notion of truth is not at the basis of one simple right (the «right to know the truth»), but opens an entire field of analysis or a «system of rights», significantly including many different aspects of the associated life. Hence, I have distinguished three couples of AR, respectively related to: information, science, and culture: 1-2. The right to know the truth and the right to be in the condition of knowing the truth 3-4. The right to be considered a reliable source of truth and the right to dispose of reliable official sources of truth 5-6. The right to live in “alethic societies”, where public truth is promoted and safeguarded, but there is general awareness about the importance as well as the extreme frailty of the conceptual function we call ‘truth’ for human life in democratic contexts.

Abstract

La doppia natura della verità

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

pag 43
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La doppia natura della verità

This comment focuses on the notion of alethic rights, showing the difficulty to formalize their normative and juridical role. As emphasized such a difficulty depends on what Franca D’Agostini rightly defines as “the double nature” of truth, both an unwaivable and unenforceable claim.

Abstract

La verità come interesse collettivo

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

pag 51
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La verità come interesse collettivo

Assuming the truthfulness in political and institutional relations as a collective interest, this comment focuses on some implications, from the perspective of legal theory, of the statement of a general right to the truth. The author considers the conditions of its assumption as a fundamental right and discusses several aspects of the alethic rights proposed by Franca D’Agostini.

Abstract

L'anima aletica della democrazia liberale

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

pag 67
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L'anima aletica della democrazia liberale

In agreement with D’Agostini’s argument, this note subscribes to the idea that political sphere must protect truth. Especially in democracy, truth must act as the constitutive rule of public discourse and the political process. The discussion on alethic rights helps to grasp and emphasize the importance of both points. However, the note raises some perplexity about the feasibility and effectiveness of this new class of rights and suggests to widen the reflection on other possible solutions. More specifically, these strategies could also be considered: 1) to strengthen the alethic dimension of certain existing citizenship rights; 2) to strengthen or create exogenous alethic institutions, intended as structures for the production of politically relevant knowledge inspired by "V function" as a conceptual norm (rejection of false assertions and false beliefs) and epistemological norm (search for truth as an institutional purpose); 3) create incentives that systematically link the alethic institutions to the political ones, encouraging the latter to being receptive and responsive to the former.

Abstract

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