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The Iranian domestic situation is in motion, with new equilibria emerging to prefigure the March 2008 legislative elections. In a political system like the Islamic Republic’s, in which alternate governments are impossible, conflicts and alliances among the different factions of the regime are decisive in orienting government policy. Such factions are more informal structures than properly organised forces. The borderlines dividing them are so mobile that it is not infrequent to see members moving from one to another or crossover cleavages appearing in domestic and foreign policy. Analysis of the political cultures, ideologies, religious views and interests of the various factions is essential for understanding the dynamics of the Iranian political system. Since the death of Khomeini, the regime’s political class has rotated around four groups: religious conservative, pragmatic conservative, radical and reformist.