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In what sense can we talk of a relationship between science and liberalism or, better still, between the philosophy of science and liberalism? As the establishing of a relationship between a conception of life such as the liberal one, which revolves around creativity, originality and the unforeseeability of individual behaviour and history, and thinking that tends to establish what the laws of nature and history itself are. If, following the most modern scientific theories, the fruit of reflection not of philosophers alone but also of scientists, we consider reality as something that comes into being, hence not interpretable once and for all, we conceive of it as being complex, hence open to more than one interpretation, and hence welcome dialogue, debate and liberty. If we no longer think of liberalism and modern science as a static set of political doctrines on the one hand and scientific theories on the other, but rather as methods of interpretation of life and powers of doing, it is easier to understand why liberalism can appear as a rigorous critique of power in all its forms, including the one it assumes in the field of wisdom and know-how.