- Ricerche e Progetti
- Biblioteca della Libertà
- Pubblicazioni e Working Paper
- Articoli e media
- Eventi e notizie
Now that it has virtually come to an end, how can we judge the Berlusconi government on matters of foreign policy? To answer the question, the essay first investigates the reasons for the growing personalisation of Italian foreign policy and analyses the guidelines, characteristics and limits of Berlusconi’s management of foreign affairs, then reviews the main aspects of the government’s international action since 2001 in the three geopolitical areas (the Atlantic, Europe, the Mediterranean) in which Italian foreign policy has traditionally sought to project itself. Such a review reveals that the policy of national assertion pursued, amid a thousand contradictions, by the Berlusconi government has significantly shifted the pre-existing balance between the two historical pillars of Italian foreign policy – Atlantic loyalty and support of Europe – towards a progressive reinforcement of bilateral relations with the United States and a considerable weakening of the Europeanist, extremist, multilateralist spirit that inspired the finest pages in the history of republican Italy. The ensuing risk would be an increased marginalisation of Italy within Europe, which would not be set off by a growth in credibility in the eyes of the administration in Washington. For this and other reasons, and despite the fact that there are aspects deserving of merit, the overall verdict on the Berlusconi government’s international activity has to be substantially negative.