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The French and Dutch referenda not only failed the proposal to ratify the Treaty instituting a European Constitution, but also triggered a deep crisis in the European Union. The idea – pursued with some success for many years – that it is possible to build Europe without truly involving the peoples of has reached the end of the line. In view of his constant pleading of the importance that, through a suitable process of identification and mimesis, all European citizens agree with the Constitution, Habermas, much more than Voltaire, deserves to be recognised as one of the idola fori of the European constitutive process. In his speech in Strasbourg on June 27, Tony Blair, who assumed the presidency of the Union on July 1 2005, claimed that the Union is currently experiencing what is essentially a crisis of leadership among its political classes, and, at once, a crisis of the policies enacted in recent years within the framework of a political and strategic vision of the Union that he regards as dated. Blair, however, often evokes the need for common, concerted European policies to make Europe de facto an area of shared values, programmes, projects and guidelines. In Pizzetti’s view, to overcome its crisis the Union has to reopen a precise, in-depth debate on the institutional design it intends to adopt. The London bomb tragedy at the start of July also demonstrates that our continent and the peoples who inhabit it need Europe more than ever before (in the meantime, if the Union may appear indecisive compared to the other leading players on the world scene, it does tend to be coherent and determined when it comes to the ‘integration of security’). What we need now are conscious, fair decisions, worthy of the great European traditions. This is important for us and for the planet as a whole.