- Ricerche e Progetti
- Biblioteca della Libertà
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The author reviews empirical attempts to measure liberty and concludes that, if they have been highly effective in the sphere of economic freedom, the same cannot be said of that of political freedom. The fact is that, over the last few years, economic freedom has increased worldwide thanks to globalisation, whereas states have become arguably more invasive in the field of civil liberties (bioethics is a case in point), which are currently jeopardised by phenomena such as political correctness. The crisis of the nation-state would appear to be the consequence of two contrary processes: globalisation and decentralisation. The crisis, however, is not that of the liberal democratic state per se, but of its all-pervasive, socialistic offshoot. The threat of terrorism and war have also laid bare all the limitations of the libertarian approach, which neglects the demand for certainty of citizens. To escape the alternative between conservatism and communitarianism (which resemble one another much more than might be generally believed), liberal thinking has to show itself capable of profound self-renewal, rethinking a liberal state model in tune, as was the case in the nineteenth century, with the preferences of citizens – capable, that is, of ensuring at once their demand for certainty and the protection of freedom.