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La risposta - Il minimalismo della teoria della giustizia nelle interazioni per la gestione dei conflitti

Anno LII, n. 219, maggio-agosto 2017

pag 101
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La risposta - Il minimalismo della teoria della giustizia nelle interazioni per la gestione dei conflitti

In this article, I clarify and defend two features crucial to the minimalist commitment of my recent proposal for a theory of interactive justice for the
management of value conflict in politics. These features are the inclusiveness of its justificatory basis (that goes beyond the sphere of reasonableness) and the parsimony of its normative foundations (in the guise of metaethical agnosticism). These clarification and defence are important to vindicate the distinctiveness of my proposed theory with respect to the current philosophical debate on liberal justice.

Abstract

Il commento - Uno scontro bestiale. Il trattamento degli animali e le procedure di gestione dei conflitti

Anno LII, n. 219, maggio-agosto 2017

pag 89
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Il commento - Uno scontro bestiale. Il trattamento degli animali e le procedure di gestione dei conflitti

Emanuela Ceva’s volume (Interactive Justice: A Proceduralist Approach to Value Conflicts in Politics, Routledge, 2016) aims to deal with and propose a
realistic solution to value conflicts in politics. In this article I test the applicability of her proceduralist account to the case of the disagreement about
the treatment of animals. Despite Ceva’s wide ranging concern for a variety of conflicts, in her book she does not analyze the case of the treatment of
animals. But this case may be a real challenge because it is likely to become a source of new and persisting conflicts. The disagreement about the treatment of animals constitutes a value conflict because animal rights supporters reject many values entrenched in majority’s practices and culture (the superiority of human beings, the permissibility to use animals for any human interests). Moreover, this conflict sometimes emerges in violent manners (for instance, in animal rescue and sabotages). In this paper, I distinguish different forms of animal rights advocacy and analyse under which conditions Ceva’s approach may be fruitfully be employed. Some parts of the multifaceted animal rights advocacy groups may enter in a conflict management procedure, while other more violent and non-cooperative parts are unlikely to do so. However, a conflict management procedure may still be beneficial even towards the relation with the non-cooperative parties.

Abstract

Il commento - Audiatur et altera pars. Semel aut semper?

Anno LII, n. 219, maggio-agosto 2017

pag 75
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Il commento - Audiatur et altera pars. Semel aut semper?

The aim of this article is to go at the roots of Ceva’s theory of justice, exploring the implications of her view. After examining what I take to be the three
philosophical pillars of her view (§1), I discuss two points about the parts involved in a conflict (§2) and the general metatheoretical approach (§3).
The first point concerns the need to listen to each and every part of a conflict all the time, thus accepting any position, even those manifestly false or
impossible to prove. The second point is about the metaethical agnosticism upon which the theory is based. These points need to be further discussed, as
they could have important and innovative applications in the contemporary political-philosophical debate.

Abstract

Editoriale

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

pag 1
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Diritti aletici

Anno LII, n. 218, gennaio-aprile 2017

pag 5
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Diritti aletici

The aim of the article is to inquire into the idea of ‘alethic rights’ (AR), i.e. rights that involve truth, suggesting what these rights could be, in which sense they are specific rights, distinct from other fundamental rights, and how they can be preserved and safeguarded. The notion of ‘AR’ is implicit in many governmental commitments ratified by international customary or written law, but not explicitly mentioned in any official document. The expression itself, ‘AR’, is not used in human rights theory or philosophy of law. The «right to (know the) truth» has been theorized and defended, recently, in many occasions and contexts, especially with reference to the overthrowing or fall of totalitarian regimes, or in cases of manipulated and distorted electoral debates (such as in case of Berlusconi’s or Trump’s populisms). However, there is no specific treatment of AR in a detailed way and in a philosophical perspective. I try to provide an accurate account of the possibility conditions of a theory of AR not limited to the generic appeal to truthfulness or honesty (of politicians, or people working in the media), and aware of the problems connected to the use of the conceptual function we call ‘truth’. I have moved from the idea that the notion of truth is not at the basis of one simple right (the «right to know the truth»), but opens an entire field of analysis or a «system of rights», significantly including many different aspects of the associated life. Hence, I have distinguished three couples of AR, respectively related to: information, science, and culture: 1-2. The right to know the truth and the right to be in the condition of knowing the truth 3-4. The right to be considered a reliable source of truth and the right to dispose of reliable official sources of truth 5-6. The right to live in “alethic societies”, where public truth is promoted and safeguarded, but there is general awareness about the importance as well as the extreme frailty of the conceptual function we call ‘truth’ for human life in democratic contexts.

Abstract

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