Biblioteca della Libertà

Bdl online

(Articoli in ordine di pubblicazione a partire dai più recenti )


Editoriale

Articolo completo/Full text

Exceptional lies: The ethics of deceptive placebos in clinical settings

pag 5
Articolo completo/Full text

Exceptional lies: The ethics of deceptive placebos in clinical settings

In this article I explore the ethics of using deceptive placebos in clinical contexts. The view that I will defend is that there is no reason to regard the moral case for or against the use of deceptive placebo as different from other cases in which doctors confront moral dilemmas about the use of “paternalistic”, “therapeutic”, or “benevolent” deception. In particular, I will criticize two influential positions within the current placebo debate. The first position is the one according to which deceptive placebos do not raise substantial moral concerns because they can be administered in ways that are “not transparent” and yet “not deceptive”. The second position, then, is the one endorsed by the American Medical Association (AMA) according to which the use of deceptive placebos without patients’ consent must be categorically prohibited. In this article I argue that both views are flawed because they equally misrepresent key aspects of the morality of benevolent deception in clinical settings.

Abstract

L'autonomia "irrazionale": interventi sul corpo e integrità fisica nel dibattito multiculturale

pag 23
Articolo completo/Full text

L'autonomia "irrazionale": interventi sul corpo e integrità fisica nel dibattito multiculturale

In order to understand the limits and the liberties entailed in the right to health in the multicultural society, it is necessary to pay attention to the different ideas of health belonging to minority ethnic groups. In particular, the essay focuses on bodily interventions and on the limits of self-determination, determined by the partially conflicting value of bodily integrity. The aim is to evaluate whether the bodily integrity argument, adopted to motivate the opposition to female genital mutilation, can be considered a valid argument, especially in reason of the common and legal acceptance of other bodily interventions, such as genital plastic surgery, that damage the bodily integrity of the individual as well. Recognizing the principle of self-determination as the prerequisite of the fundamental right to health, considered as the protection not only of the biological body, but also of the psychological well-being, it has to be ascertained if the concept of bodily integrity can be universally accepted or if, on the contrary, it is a culturally oriented body construction.

Abstract

Bioethical expertise:Mapping the field

pag 43
Articolo completo/Full text

Bioethical expertise:Mapping the field

In a specialized world, where knowledge has increasingly become a collective enterprise, nobody can master all the fields. This has led to the generation of a myriad of experts, each of whom is specialized in a precise domain or subdomain. Given this picture, it is not surprising that people with training in bioethics are often referred to as “bioethics experts” and/or “bioethical experts”. However, the question “who is the bioethical expert?” does not appear so easy to answer. This paper locates precisely within this debate and aims to provide a picture of the contemporary debate over the issue of bioethical expertise, analysing and reshaping the main objections present in the literature both against the concept of bioethical expertise and the existence of bioethical experts. It will be then shown that, if properly considered, there is some space for bioethical expertise and bioethical experts within contemporary democratic societies.

Abstract

Neuroethics:The relation between philosophical reflection and empirical research

pag 63
Articolo completo/Full text

Neuroethics:The relation between philosophical reflection and empirical research

The aim of this paper is to focus on the most relevant methodological challenge that neuroethicists have to face when dealing with the neuroscience of ethics, that is with the contribution empirical research in general and neuroscience in particular can make to our knowledge of moral issues. Before considering any substantial thesis in the debate, those who are interested in neuroethics have to try to answer a tricky question: how, and to what extent, can empirical analysis modify philosophical theories? That is, how can the way things are influence they way the should or ought to be?
A worry can arise concerning the relation between empirical findings and theoretical analysis and it has deep routes into the philosophical debate. The interpretation of Hume’s is/ought passage, the division between fact and values, and Moore’s argument against the naturalistic fallacy have made any attempt to consider scientific discoveries into the philosophical debate hard.
I will conclude that data coming from neuroscience, as much as from any other empirical domain, can play an indirect role in modifying our theoretical understanding of morality. What they cannot do is prove one specific theory, their role is simply that of limiting possible theories to feasible ones.

Abstract

Prossimi eventi

23 Nov
Sala "Norberto Bobbio" - Torino
21 Nov
Grattacielo Intesa Sanpaolo - Torino

Diventa nostro amico su Facebook

Ricerche e Progetti

logo RGR medio

  • Recuperare la rotta é il titolo del XVIII Rapporto «Giorgio Rota» su Torino, presentato il 7 ottobre alla Biblioteca Nazionale.

lpf logo

Biblioteca F. Guerrini

biblioteca guerrini

 Dotata di oltre 9.000 volumi, offre una documentazione unica in Italia sul pensiero liberale contemporaneo.